Today’s lesson is all about Gerunds. In this lesson, we’ll cover each and everything about Gerunds and will try to make our concepts clear using examples. Starting from definition, we will end this topic with different uses of Gerunds in different situations.
Gerunds are somewhat like Infinitives but not exactly. There is a clear difference between gerunds and Infinitives. Gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding “ing” at the end of verb and infinitives are the “to” forms of verbs. So we came to know that there is a difference in the definition of both Gerunds and Infinitives, and of course their usage will also be different.
This lesson is all about the Gerunds. We will learn the definition, recognition, usage with examples of each and every step. To Download this lesson in PDF Form, go to the bottom of this page.
- WHAT IS GERUND?
Gerund is a verb that functions as a known.
We all know that verb is an action (verb is what we do)
For instance: if I say; I read newspaper every morning. In this sentence we are using simple verb, “read”. But sometimes we just talk about action we don’t do. For instance: I love reading. Here we just talked about action without doing it. We used a word that looks like a verb as a noun.
Base form + ing = gerund
Read +ing = reading
- Here “reading” is working as a gerund.
This looks a lot like continuous form of verb. So, for recognizing gerund, you need to pay attention to how it is used in a sentence.
Lets have an example to sharp our concepts.
“I absolutely love singing but performing in public makes me really nervous, standing on a stage in front of a crowd of people is terrifying “.
When and how to use gerund
Like noun, gerund can be used in various situations, like:
- As a subject in a sentence or phrase
- As an object in a sentence or phrase
- After preposition
- With fixed expressions
- After another verb
Gerunds used as subject in a sentence or phrase
- Eating fruits and vegetables is important for a healthy diet.
- Studying gerunds doesn’t have to be frustrating.
Gerunds used as an object in sentence.
Like, love, enjoy, prefer, dislike, hate. These are some words that can be followed by gerund.
- She really enjoys taking pictures of sunset.
- I prefer buying meat from my local butcher.
Gerunds used after a preposition
There are certain prepositions that are followed by gerund, let’s learn about them.
On, at, behind, under, in, without.
Here are some examples to make this concept clear.
- She walked out of the room without saying a word
- There is no pint in taking your jacket. Its really hot outside.
Gerunds used after common expressions
There are some expressions that are followed by the gerunds.
For Example. Can’t help, can’t stand, it’s no use, (to be) worth
- I can’t help being a perfectionist.
- It’s no worth spending so much money.
Gerunds used after another verb
- I’ll never forget driving alone the coast of Scilly. It was truly stunning.