English Grammar Parts of Speech

Conjunctions | Definition, Examples and Rules | Parts of Speech

The word which joins two parts of a sentence is called a conjunction. It is one of the important parts of speech. It joins two or more sentences, phrases and independent clauses

Conjunctions

The word which joins two parts of a sentence is called a conjunction.

It is one of the important parts of speech. It joins two or more sentences, phrases and independent clauses.

The word which joins two parts of a sentence is called a conjunction. It is one of the important parts of speech. It joins two or more sentences, phrases and independent clauses

Types of Conjunctions

There are three types of conjunctions

  • Coordinating Conjunctions
  • Subordinating Conjunctions
  • Correlative Conjunctions

Coordinating Conjunctions

Coordinating Conjunctions are used to join short sentences converting them into fuller lines. There are seven Coordinating Conjunctions and all of them are very easy to remember if you just keep in mind the acronym “FANBOYS”

ForUsed to show reason or purpose
AndUsed to add something to another
NorUsed to give an alternative negative idea to already given negative idea
ButUsed to show opposition
OrUsed to show choices
YetUsed to show contrasting idea that follows the preceding idea logically
SoUsed to show result, effect or consequences

 

Subordinating Conjunctions

It always introduces a dependent clause and connects it with an independent clause. In contrast to coordinating conjunctions, subordinating conjunctions can come first in the sentence because of the nature of relationship between dependent and independent clause. Below is a table listed giving you the examples of Subordinating Conjunctions.

BecauseWhileAs
AlthoughUntilSince
WhenAfterThat
UnlessBeforeAs if
WhetheronceIn order that

 

Correlative Conjunctions

They come in pair and relate one sentence to another with suitable conjunction. Correlative conjunctions connect two equal grammatical terms. So, if a noun follows “both,” then a noun should also follow “and.”

Either…..or
Both……and
Neither…….nor
Not only…….but also
Whether……or

Use of Conjunctions in Sentences with Rules

AND
Use and to join similar ideas
I will go
Use and to show that one action depends on another
They did not study and failed the exams
Use and to show that one action follows the other
I will go to mall and buy clothes

 

BUT
Use but to join two opposite ideas
You are a good rider but I will not give you bike
Use but to cancel the meaning of an idea
I like you but you irritate me a lot

The word which joins two parts of a sentence is called a conjunction. It is one of the important parts of speech. It joins two or more sentences, phrases and independent clauses

OR
Use or to show choice
You may come with us or stay here
Use or to give some reason for something
Study hard or you will have to leave the college

 

SO
Use so to signify reason and then result
Traffic was really bad so I came late
Use so to tell something more
He was angry so he left early

The word which joins two parts of a sentence is called a conjunction. It is one of the important parts of speech. It joins two or more sentences, phrases and independent clauses

YET
Use yet to signify a strange fact
He misbehaved with me, yet he as my friend

 

BECAUSE
Use because to signify the result and then reason
I hate you because you always irritate me

 

ALTHOUGH
Use although to state a strange fact
He went to school although he was ill

The word which joins two parts of a sentence is called a conjunction. It is one of the important parts of speech. It joins two or more sentences, phrases and independent clauses

WHEN
Use when to show time of happening of something
They called me when I was busy doing my work

 

UNLESS
Use unless to signify a condition
You cannot enter the class unless you wear the mask

 

WHETHER
Use whether to signify if
I don’t know whether I should help you or ignore you

The word which joins two parts of a sentence is called a conjunction. It is one of the important parts of speech. It joins two or more sentences, phrases and independent clauses

WHILE
Use while to signify two things happening at the same time
He ate food while I watched movie

 

UNTIL
Use until to signify a condition
I can’t allow you to sit in class until you wear mask

 

AFTER
Use to show on event happening after the other
I’ll call you after I complete my work

The word which joins two parts of a sentence is called a conjunction. It is one of the important parts of speech. It joins two or more sentences, phrases and independent clauses

BEFORE
Use to show on event happening before the other
You should call me before leaving

 

ONCE
Use once to tell about as soon as
I’ll come home once I complete my work

 

AS
Use as in formal writing and speech to say ”as a result”
I got worried as the teacher announced the quiz

 

 

SINCE
Use since to say “as a result” of what happened first
I refused to help him since he had done the same last year

The word which joins two parts of a sentence is called a conjunction. It is one of the important parts of speech. It joins two or more sentences, phrases and independent clauses

THAT
Use that to indicate the person or thing mentioned before
They clarified that they would never insult anyone

 

AS IF
Use as if to comment on how a situation seems
You are fighting with me as if I insulted you

 

IN ORDER THAT/TO
Use in order that/to to show a purpose
I joined this course in order that to I could learn

The word which joins two parts of a sentence is called a conjunction. It is one of the important parts of speech. It joins two or more sentences, phrases and independent clauses

EITHER…..OR
Use either…..or to talk about two possible choices
You should either come on time or not come at all

 

BOTH…..AND
Use both…..and to join two similar ideas
She is both ugly and dumb

 

NEITHER…..NOR
Use neither…..nor to join two opposite ideas
She is neither ugly nor dumb

The word which joins two parts of a sentence is called a conjunction. It is one of the important parts of speech. It joins two or more sentences, phrases and independent clauses

NOT ONLY…..BUT ALSO
Use not only…..but also to join two similar ideas
He is not only intelligent but also handsome

 

WHETHER…..OR
Use whether…..or to emphasize the idea chosen between two choices
Tell me whether you are coming or not

The word which joins two parts of a sentence is called a conjunction. It is one of the important parts of speech. It joins two or more sentences, phrases and independent clauses

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