English Grammar

Active and Passive Voice | Rules and Examples | English and Urdu

In active voice the subject is doing the action and the object is receiving the action, The verb form in active voice depends on the tense the sentence is in. In passive voice the subject and object switch places, which means that the subject receives the action and the object does the action. The passive voice uses the word by before its object and the past participle form of the verb.

Active Voice and Passive Voice

Active voice is what is most commonly used while speaking and writing. In active voice the subject is doing the action and the object is receiving the action, The verb form in active voice depends on the tense the sentence is in.

In passive voice the subject and object switch places, which means that the subject receives the action and the object does the action. The passive voice uses the word by before its object and the past participle form of the verb.

Passive voice is a roundabout way of expressing the same thing as the active voice. We usually use passive voice more in writing than in speaking when our focus is on the action and not on its doer or when we don’t know who the doer of the action is.

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In active voice the subject is doing the action and the object is receiving the action, The verb form in active voice depends on the tense the sentence is in.

In passive voice the subject and object switch places, which means that the subject receives the action and the object does the action. The passive voice uses the word by before its object and the past participle form of the verb.

Key Rules

There are some rules which are necessary to learn in order to change Active Voice Sentence into Passive Voice Sentence. Rules are listed below

  1. Object of AV (Active Voice) is changed into the Subject of PV (Passive Voice).
  2. Put HV (helping verb) according to the tense used in AV.
  3. Use third form of Verb after using the helping verb.
  4. Put “By” immediately after the form of Verb
  5. Subject of AV (Active Voice) is changed into the Object of PV (Passive Voice).

There are some rules which are necessary to learn in order to change Active Voice Sentence into Passive Voice Sentence. Rules are listed below. These five rules are the backbone of Active and passive Voice. If you learn all the rules step by step, you may easily convert an Active Voice Sentence into Passive Voice Sentence.

 

There are some rules which are necessary to learn in order to change Active Voice Sentence into Passive Voice Sentence. Rules are listed below. These five rules are the backbone of Active and passive Voice. If you learn all the rules step by step, you may easily convert an Active Voice Sentence into Passive Voice Sentence.

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These five rules are the backbone of Active and passive Voice. If you learn all the rules step by step, you may easily convert an Active Voice Sentence into Passive Voice Sentence.

Noted Point:                         

We will always use third form of verb in Passive Voice, irrespective of the tense used in Active Voice.

Lets learn all these rules with an example:

AV: You teach me.

Now this active voice sentence is in Present Indefinite Tense. To convert it into Passive Voice, we have to make some changes according to rules.

  1. The first change we are gonna make is to convert the object of AV into the subject of PV. Object is me(the objective form of I). so it will be changed into I.
I
  1. Second change is the correct use of Helping Verb. Since our Subject is I and is present indefinite tense, so we will use “AM” as helping verb
Iam
  1. Third of verb is to put after helping verb. Third form of teach is Taught
Iamtaught
  1. Use of “BY” immediately after the form of verb.
Iamtaughtby
  1. Convert the Subject of AV into Object of PV. If we look at the Active Voice sentence, we’ll find that our subject is “YOU”. So it will be changed into the Object and will still remain “YOU”
Iamtaughtbyyou

How to Make Changes in Tenses?

Simple Present Tense

SubjectVerbObject
ActiveAhmadeatsAn apple.
PassiveAn appleIs eatenby Ahmad

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Change of Present Indefinite Tense in Active and Passive. How to Present Indefinite Tense

Present Continuous Tense

SubjectVerbObject
ActiveAhmadis eatingAn apple.
PassiveAn appleIs being eatenby Ahmad

Change of Present Continuous Tense in Active and Passive. How to Present Continuous Tense

Present Perfect Tense

SubjectVerbObject
ActiveAhmadhas eatenAn apple
PassiveAn applehas been eatenby Ahmad

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Change of Present Perfect Tense in Active and Passive. How to Present Perfect Tense

Simple Past Tense

SubjectVerbObject
ActiveAhmadateAn apple
PassiveAn apple     Was eatenBy Ahmad

Change of Past Indefinite Tense in Active and Passive. How to Past Indefinite Tense

Past Continuous Tense

SubjectVerbObject
ActiveAhmadwas eatingAn apple.
PassiveAn applewas being eatenby Ahmad

Change of Past Continuous Tense in Active and Passive. How to Past Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Tense

SubjectVerbObject
ActiveAhmadhad eatenAn apple
PassiveAn applehad been eatenby Ahmad

Change of Past Perfect Tense in Active and Passive. How to Past Perfect Tense

Simple Future Tense

SubjectVerbObject
ActiveAhmadwill eatAn apple
PassiveAn applewill be eatenby Ahmad

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Change of Future Indefinite Tense in Active and Passive. How to Future Indefinite Tense

Future Perfect Tense

SubjectVerbObject
ActiveAhmadwill have eatenAn apple
PassiveAn applewill have been eatenby Ahmad

Change of Future Perfect Tense in Active and Passive. How to Future Perfect Tense

 

It should be kept in mind that following tenses are not changed into Passive Voice

  • Present Perfect Continuous Tense
  • Past Perfect Continuous Tense
  • Future Perfect Continuous Tense

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