Tenses

Past Perfect Continuous Tense in English and Urdu with Example Sentences

Past Perfect Continuous Tense is used to describe those actions that begin in Past and are still progressing. It cannot be confused with Past Continuous and Past Perfect tense, because in those tenses, actions begin and progress for sometime in Pat Continuous Tense. While in Past Perfect Tense, actions begin and get completed. So, in Past Perfect Continuous Tense, we talk about the actions begin in Past, but those actions get completed and are still in progress.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense is used to describe those actions that begin in Past and are still progressing. It cannot be confused with Past Continuous and Past Perfect tense, because in those tenses, actions begin and progress for sometime in Pat Continuous Tense. While in Past Perfect Tense, actions begin and get completed. So, in Past Perfect Continuous Tense, we talk about the actions begin in Past, but those actions get completed and are still in progress.

This tense uses Fourth Form of Verb (ing form). The only helping verb used in this tense is “had been”. We will use had been with all the subjects e.g. (I, We, You, They, He, She, It).

Noted Point here is that, there will be period or point of time given in sentences. These sentences include some time reference, period of time or point of time. So we have to Use SINCE & FOR in these sentences.

Use of Since and For is so simple and easy to learn and use. When we are given the Period of Time(1985, morning, evening), we shall use SINCE and When we are given the Point of Time (one hour, ten years, two months), we shall use FOR.

Example Sentence:

“He had been playing since morning” Third form of verb is used because the action has been completed and still progressing. Questions are indicated by inverting the subject and helping verb (had). Negatives are made with not.

 

Positive Sentence: He had been playing since morning

Negative Sentence: He had not been playing since morning

Interrogative Sentence: Had he been playing since morning?

Past Perfect Continuous Tense is used to describe those actions that begin in Past and are still progressing. It cannot be confused with Past Continuous and Past Perfect tense, because in those tenses, actions begin and progress for sometime in Pat Continuous Tense. While in Past Perfect Tense, actions begin and get completed. So, in Past Perfect Continuous Tense, we talk about the actions begin in Past, but those actions get completed and are still in progress.

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You may also like to read

Past Indefinite Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Present Indefinite Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Present Perfect Tense

Present Perfect Continuous

Simple(+Ve) Sentences

Positive Sentences of Past Perfect Continuous Tense. Positive Sentences of Past Perfect Continuous Tense are very easy and simple to make. First we need to put a subject, then helping verb with fourth(v1+ing) form of verb and last but not the least, object and then time reference. Word order of  simple sentences of Past Perfect Continuous Tense is given as follows

S + H.V (had been)+ V1-ing +  O + since/for + time

Baby had been weeping bitterly for an hourبچہ صبح سے بری طرح رو رہا تھا
Boys had been playing in the ground since morningلڑکے صبح سے میدان میں کھیل رہے تھے
Students had been talking in examination hall for an hourطلباء کمرہ امتحان میں دو گھنٹے سے باتیں کر رہے تھے
Our friends have often been visiting usہمارے دوست ہمارے پاس آتے رہے تھے
They had been travelling for two daysوہ دو دن سے سفر کر رہے تھے
We had been teaching here since ten yearsہم یہاں دس سال سے پڑھا رہے تھے
They had been deceiving othersوہ دوسروں کو دھوکہ دیتے رہے تھے
He had been cleaning house since 7 o’clockوہ سات بجے سے گھر کی صفائی کر رہا تھا
We had been living in this house for many yearsہم اس گھر میں بہت عرصے سے رہ رہے تھے
They had been fighting against the enemy since morning.وہ صبح سے دشمن کا مقابلہ کررہےتھے
Good citizens had been paying tribute to the National Heroesاچھے شہری اپبے قومی ہیروز کو خراج تحسین پیش کرتے رہے تھے
They had been trying to make fool of youوہ تمہیں بیوقوف بنانے کی کوشش کرتے رہے تھے
My mother had been making bread for an hourمیری امی ایک گھٹے سے روٹیاں بنا رہی تھیں
Rich had been making fun of poorامیر غریبوں کا مزاق اڑاتے رہے تھے
Kind-hearted people had been taking pity on poorرحمدل لوگ غریبوں پر ترس کھاتے رہے تھے

Positive Sentences of Past Perfect Continuous Tense. Positive Sentences of Past Perfect Continuous Tense are very easy and simple to make. First we need to put a subject, then helping verb with fourth(v1+ing) form of verb and last but not the least, object and then time reference. Word order of  simple sentences of Past Perfect Continuous Tense is given as follows S + H.V (had been)+ V1-ing +  O + since/for + time

Positive Sentences of Past Perfect Continuous Tense. Positive Sentences of Past Perfect Continuous Tense are very easy and simple to make. First we need to put a subject, then helping verb with fourth(v1+ing) form of verb and last but not the least, object and then time reference. Word order of  simple sentences of Past Perfect Continuous Tense is given as follows S + H.V (had been)+ V1-ing +  O + since/for + time

Positive Sentences of Past Perfect Continuous Tense. Positive Sentences of Past Perfect Continuous Tense are very easy and simple to make. First we need to put a subject, then helping verb with fourth(v1+ing) form of verb and last but not the least, object and then time reference. Word order of  simple sentences of Past Perfect Continuous Tense is given as follows S + H.V (had been)+ V1-ing +  O + since/for + time

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Negative (-Ve) Sentences

Sentence structure of  Negative Sentences is same as the positive sentences. We have to make only one change ” the addition of NOT”. Remaining structure will be same. Addition of NOT is the only change we have to make because the of title “Negative”. Word order is given as

S + H.V (had not been) + V1-ing +  O + since/for + time

He had not been enjoying the rainوہ بارش سے لطف اندوز نہیں ہوتا رہا تھا
It had not been raining heavily since morningصبح سے موسلادھار بارش نہیں ہو رہی تھی
They had not been coming hereوہ یہاں نہیں آتے رہے تھے
Girl had not been picking up flowers for one hourلڑکی ایک گھنٹے سے پھول نہیں توڑ رہی تھی
We had not been making research in new seeds since a long timeہم ایک عرصے سے نئے بیجوں پر تحقئق نہیں کررہے تھے
He had not often been coming hereوہ یہاں اکثر نہیں آتا رہا تھا
Rich had not been helping the poorامیرغریبوں کی مدد نہیں کرتے رہے تھے
Principle had not been addressing the students for an hourپرنسپل ایک گھنٹے سے طلباء سے خطاب نہیں کررہے تھے
Children had not been reciting the National Anthem since morningبچے صبح سے قومی ترانہ نہیں گا رہے تھے
The President had not been addressing the nation for two hoursصدر دو گھنٹے سے قوم سے خطاب نہیں کر رہا تھا
They had not been flattering their officer since a long timeوہ ایک عرصے سے اپنے افسر کی خوشامد نہیں کر رہے تھے
Foolish children had not been obeying their children since childhoodبیوقوف بچے بچپن سے والدین کا حکم نہیں مانتے رہے تھے
Citizens had not been protesting against  dearness  for an hourشہری ایک گھنٹے سے مہنگائی کے خلاف احتبجاج نہیں کر رہے تھے

Sentence structure of  Negative Sentences is same as the positive sentences. We have to make only one change ” the addition of NOT”. Remaining structure will be same. Addition of NOT is the only change we have to make because the of title “Negative”. Word order is given as S + H.V (had not been) + V1-ing +  O + since/for + time Sentence structure of  Negative Sentences is same as the positive sentences. We have to make only one change ” the addition of NOT”. Remaining structure will be same. Addition of NOT is the only change we have to make because the of title “Negative”. Word order is given as S + H.V (had not been) + V1-ing +  O + since/for + time Sentence structure of  Negative Sentences is same as the positive sentences. We have to make only one change ” the addition of NOT”. Remaining structure will be same. Addition of NOT is the only change we have to make because the of title “Negative”. Word order is given as S + H.V (had not been) + V1-ing +  O + since/for + time

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Interrogative (?) Sentences

Interrogative Sentences are made by inverting subject and helping verbs. In interrogative sentences, helping verb is placed in the beginning of sentence. Whenever the helping verb is placed the subject, we would say that the sentence is Interrogative. Sentence structure of interrogative sentences of Past Perfect Continuous Tense is as follows:

H.V + S + V1-ing +  O + since/for + time

Had they been doing good deeds since bloom of youth?کیا وہ جوانی سے اچھے کام کرتے رپے تھے؟
Had the hoarders been cutting throat of their fellow country-men?کیا ذخیرہ اندوز اپنے ہم وطنوں کا کا گلہ کاٹتے رہے تھے؟
Had the professor been teaching for an hour?کیا پروفیسر ایک گھنٹے سے پڑھا رہے تھے؟
Had the farmers been ploughing since morning?کیا کسان صبح سے ہل چلا رہے تھے؟
Had the host been entertaining the guests for two hours?کیا میزابن دو گھنٹے سے مہمانوں کی خاطر تواضع کرتا رہا تھا؟
Had he been visiting the European Countries for two years?کیا وہ دو سال سے یورپی ممالک کی سیر کرتا رہا تھا؟
Had the mechanic been repairing the car for two hours?کیا میکینک دو گھنٹےسے کا ر کی مرمت کر رہاتھا؟
Had the students been delivering speech since morning?کیا طلباء صبح سے تقاریر کررہے تھے؟
Had he been fighting with death for two hours?کیا وہ دو گھنٹے سے زندگی موت کی کشمکش میں رہا تھا؟
Had the robbers been robbing the passengers since a long time?کیا ڈاکو ایک لمبے عرصے سے مسافروں کو لوٹ رہے تھے؟
Had Akram been dealing in clothes since for two years?کیا اکرم دو سال سے کپڑوں کا کاروبار کررہا تھا؟
Had Ali been learning computer for two hours?کیا علی دو سال سے کمپیوٹر چلانا سیکھ رہا تھا؟
Why had he been smoking since a long time?وہ ایک عرصے سے سیگریٹ نوشی کیوں کر رہا تھا؟
Had the children been taking bath in pond since morning?کیا بچے صبح سے تالاب میں نہا رہے تھے؟
Had the plane been flying for two hours?کیا جہاز دو گھنٹے سے اڑرہا تھا؟

Interrogative Sentences are made by inverting subject and helping verbs. In interrogative sentences, helping verb is placed in the beginning of sentence. Whenever the helping verb is placed the subject, we would say that the sentence is Interrogative. Sentence structure of interrogative sentences of Past Perfect Continuous Tense is as follows: H.V + S + V1-ing +  O + since/for + time Interrogative Sentences are made by inverting subject and helping verbs. In interrogative sentences, helping verb is placed in the beginning of sentence. Whenever the helping verb is placed the subject, we would say that the sentence is Interrogative. Sentence structure of interrogative sentences of Past Perfect Continuous Tense is as follows: H.V + S + V1-ing +  O + since/for + time Interrogative Sentences are made by inverting subject and helping verbs. In interrogative sentences, helping verb is placed in the beginning of sentence. Whenever the helping verb is placed the subject, we would say that the sentence is Interrogative. Sentence structure of interrogative sentences of Past Perfect Continuous Tense is as follows: H.V + S + V1-ing +  O + since/for + time

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